Yemen

 

Operation: Opération: Yemen

Location

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Key Figures

2020 planning figures
816,000 IDPs and 11,350 refugees and asylum-seekers are assessed through protection monitoring
160,500 IDPs and 13,000 refugees gain psychosocial support
124,000 IDP families and 11,000 refugees receive protection cash assistance
40,000 IDP families get rental subsidies
1,000 vocational training courses empower people of concern, and an additional 1,500 loans benefit women, youth and people living with disabilities
300 SGBV survivors are assisted, including 200 who receive legal aid and enrol in income-generating activities
102 IDP sites benefit from Camp Coordination and Camp Management cluster activities
100% of SGBV survivors receive medical care
2018 year-end results
800,000 Yemenis and 130,000 refugees were assisted through cash programming
700,000 people of concern received core relief items
220,000 people reached through community outreach health activities and 119,000 medical consultations
125,000 people of concern received emergency shelter kits

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

5%
Increase in
2018
2018 2,551,517
2017 2,419,806
2016 3,278,011

 

[["Refugees",264369],["Asylum-seekers",8814],["IDPs",2144718],["Returned IDPs",133600],["Returned refugees",2],["Others of concern",14]]
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Yemen

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2018 {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"budget":[107.42361363,124.06305842,113.649647797,198.74363653,198.64863682,211.85787282],"expenditure":[59.1504741,76.2339041,70.06427451,135.33389555,null,null]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[54.5338847,48.97075377,63.273753997,95.14566879,48.51471679,73.178497451],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[52.88972893,75.09230465,50.3758938,103.59796774,150.13392003,138.679375369]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[30.6292506,27.28466288,28.77866001,33.77039735,null,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[28.5212235,48.94924122,41.2856145,101.5634982,null,null]}
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CHOOSE A YEAR
  • 2014
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  • 2019
  • 2020

Working environment

Conditions in Yemen continued to deteriorate after two years of civil war. Some 18.8 million people needed humanitarian assistance in 2016. The already precarious humanitarian situation worsened due to substantial infrastructure damage and economic decline, further disrupting the provision of basic commodities, such as water, food, medicine and fuel, as well as services including electricity and sanitation facilities.
 
These dire conditions have affected millions of Yemenis, including over 2 million internally displaced people (IDPs) and over 1 million people who were previously displaced and have subsequently returned back to their homes. In addition, more than 270,000 refugees, primarily from Ethiopia, Somalia and the Syrian Arab Republic, found themselves in vulnerable situations in Yemen. Furthermore, despite increasing hostilities, asylum-seekers and migrants from the Horn of Africa continued to arrive by sea. More than 117,000 new arrivals landed along the coasts of Yemen in 2016.
 
The uncertain political and security environment in Yemen limited the humanitarian support UNHCR could provide to populations of concern in the country.

Population trends

  • The number of refugees in Yemen increased by almost 3,000 in 2016, taking the total number to about 270,000 refugees. Over the same period there were more than 9,000 asylum-seekers, a decrease of 800 since 2015.
  • More than 117,000 new arrivals landed along the Yemen coasts, of which 17 per cent declared their intention to seek asylum.
  • The Task Force on Population Movement, co-led by UNHCR and IOM, reported more than 2 million IDPs and 1,027,674 returnees affected by the conflict and in need of humanitarian assistance.

Achievements and impact

  • UNHCR provided shelter support, including emergency shelter kits, plastic sheets and tents, to 22,423 vulnerable households.
  • In addition, 48 collective centres in 10 governorates, which hosted more than 3,500 IDPs, were rehabilitate, and rental subsidies were provided to 5,970 IDP families with specific needs.
  • UNHCR ensured the timely issuance of identity documentation to over 4,500 Somali refugees and helped 624 newborn refugees obtain birth certificates.
  • More than 370 SGBV cases and more than 1,200 children, including unaccompanied or separated children, children at risk or children with disabilities, were assisted
  • Refugees continued to have access to public health and education services

Unmet needs

As a result of underfunding and deteriorating economic/security situation, UNHCR was not able to:
  • Deliver basic services to the majority of collective centres and spontaneous settlements, which hosted 21 per cent of IDPs;
  • Provide assistance packages to support sustainable returns for IDPs;
  • Provide cash  for non-food item for 20 per cent of the population in need, and;
  • Provide cash for shelter for 30 per cent of the population in need;
  • Carry out infrastructure rehabilitation in Kharaz refugee camp;
  • Meet the chronic needs and out of camp approaches in health and education, particularly in refugee host communities. 


The humanitarian situation in Yemen remains challenging. Since March 2015, armed conflict, shelling and airstrikes throughout the country have caused an unprecedented level of displacement, including among the refugee population. The gravity of the conflict prompted the activation of a system-wide Level 3 emergency response on 1 July 2015. Since the start of the conflict, over 122,000 individuals had fled Yemen to neighbouring countries by 1 September 2015.

Yemen is the only country in the subregion to have signed the 1951 Convention and 1967 Protocol, and UNHCR has been operational in Yemen since 1987. Despite the severe challenges imposed by the conflict, the Government of Yemen continues to show hospitality towards refugees and to honour the 2013 Sana’a Declaration. In addition, Yemen also remains a destination and transit country for those travelling as part of mixed movements. Since January 2015, some 59,000 people have arrived by sea seeking international protection. The conflict has compelled UNHCR to shift the focus of its strategy from solutions to immediate emergency assistance, while pursuing protection activities such as reception, refugee status determination (RSD), and legal counselling. Throughout the country, the lack of security has severely hampered humanitarian efforts. Access to basic services such as water, health, food, livelihoods opportunities, shelter and relief items, and protection interventions has been limited, and 80 per cent of the overall population needs humanitarian aid. Although operating in a difficult security environment, UNHCR has continued to provide life-saving assistance and critical protection support for more than 2.3 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), a major increase from the 2014 recorded population of 290,000 IDPs, and 264,600 refugees in Yemen.    
 
The violence and insecurity prompted a temporary evacuation of international staff, some of whom have gradually returned to cover key positions, with appropriate security measures. The UNHCR Representative in Yemen is also the Yemen Humanitarian Coordinator. As the situation remains uncertain and insecure, UNHCR will continue to focus on delivering emergency assistance to IDPs and refugees, and on providing protection services for the entire population of concern, while collaborating with other UN agencies, non-governmental organizations and governmental entities.  
Latest contributions
  • 03-DEC-2019
    United States of America

    private donors

    $55,000
  • 02-DEC-2019
    Italy
    $5,637,475
  • European Union
    $5,500,551
  • 30-NOV-2019
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $192,585
  • Switzerland

    private donors

    $163,580
  • China

    private donors

    $941,588
  • Canada

    private donors

    $826,063
  • Netherlands

    private donors

    $179,168
  • Thailand

    private donors

    $579,403
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $4,008,692
  • Italy

    private donors

    $1,771,974
  • France

    private donors

    $114,094
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $77,706
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $417,451
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $161,644
  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $126,845
  • 29-NOV-2019
    Switzerland
    $1,008,064
  • Denmark
    $143,307
  • Germany
    $4,444,445
  • Brazil

    private donors

    $201,518