Yemen

 

Operation: Opération: Yemen

Location

{"longitude":48,"latitude":16,"zoom_level":0,"iso_codes":"'YEM'"}

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Key Figures

2018 year-end results
800,000 Yemenis and 130,000 refugees were assisted through cash programming
700,000 people of concern received core relief items
220,000 people reached through community outreach health activities and 119,000 medical consultations
125,000 people of concern received emergency shelter kits
2019 planning figures
50,000 IDP households will receive core relief items
12,500 emergency shelters will be provided to IDPs and IDP returnees 
12,500  IDPs will receive cash grants for rental accommodation 
12,500 refugee children will be enrolled in primary education
10,000 vulnerable IDPs or IDP returnee households will receive multi-purpose cash assistance 
8,000 vulnerable refugee households will be supported with cash assistance
5,000 Somali refugees will return to Somalia in safety and dignity through the Assisted Spontaneous Return programme

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

5%
Increase in
2018
2018 2,551,517
2017 2,419,806
2016 3,278,011

 

[["Refugees",264369],["Asylum-seekers",8814],["IDPs",2144718],["Returned IDPs",133600],["Returned refugees",2],["Others of concern",14]]
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Yemen

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2018 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[55.90237687,107.42361363,124.06305842,113.649647797,198.74363653,198.64863682],"expenditure":[32.43507863,59.1504741,76.2339041,70.06427451,135.33389555,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[37.76781567,54.5338847,48.97075377,63.273753997,95.14566879,88.51471679],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[18.1345612,52.88972893,75.09230465,50.3758938,103.59796774,110.13392003]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[24.52485244,30.6292506,27.28466288,28.77866001,33.77039735,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[7.91022619,28.5212235,48.94924122,41.2856145,101.5634982,null]}
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CHOOSE A YEAR
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019

Operational environment

Fighting in Yemen continued during 2018, escalating dramatically in late-May when frontlines in Al-Hudaydah began to advance towards the city’s edge. Pervasive fighting in Al-Hudaydah also amplified the humanitarian crisis as the blockade on importation of critical goods placed further strain on humanitarian response capacity, contributing to a continued risk of famine. Cholera outbreaks were also recorded across several governorates. The local economy suffered from high inflation, currency devaluation, and fuel scarcities – further reducing the purchasing power and impacting the delivery of aid and assistance efforts.
 
With clashes recorded across multiple governorates in 2018, a long-awaited ceasefire agreement concluded in December has yet to have the desired impact.
 

Population trends

In 2018, some 22.2 million people – over three quarters of the country’s population – remained in need of humanitarian assistance, including 11.3 million people in acute need of urgent assistance.
 
The IDP population increased slightly to 2.1 million, with more than 89% of people displaced for over a year. While more than 133,600 IDPs were reported to have returned during 2018, those returning often experienced secondary displacement as a result of persisting conflict. The launch of the Hudaydah offensive, for example, in June caused more than 600,000 persons to flee.
 
In addition to internal displacement, Yemen played host to approximately 273,000 refugees and asylum-seekers, a figure that remained more or less stable during the year. A dramatic decrease in asylum-seekers arriving in Yemen was noted, with approximately 3,700 newly registered asylum-seekers recorded by UNHCR – compared to over 100,000 the year before. More than 90% of those arriving from the Horn of Africa arrived from Somalia, with the remainder from Ethiopia, Eritrea, and the Syrian Arabic Republic, among other countries.
 

Key achievements

  • Following the 2017 cholera outbreak, UNHCR strengthened its prevention efforts within refugee and host communities through a cholera treatment centre in Kharaz. The Office also stepped up training for volunteers as part of a comprehensive system-wide response.
  • The Assisted Spontaneous Return (ASR) programme helped nearly 2,600 Somalis return home from Yemen, while continuing to provide return counselling to thousands of Somalis through specific help-desks in Kharaz Camp, Al Mukalla City and Basateen neighborhood in Aden.
  • Through 31 quick-impact projects (QIPs), UNHCR improved conditions for IDPs and host communities by rehabilitating shared local resources such as markets, community spaces, roads, and water sources.

Unmet needs

In 2018, UNHCR’s cash assistance programme was unable to meet all needs identified. Soaring inflation and constant pressure on UNHCR to increase the value of cash grants (based on a minimum basket methodology) to match the ever-rising cost of essential goods and services affected the capacity of the Operation to respond in an adequate fashion.
 
Other unmet needs included assistance to households facing eviction; the provision of psychosocial support to people with specific needs; increasing demands for legal assistance, including acquisition of civil documentation; effective support to unaccompanied/out of school children – a growing phenomenon due to families’ inability to meet their needs; increased support to refugee and asylum-seeker youth both in terms of accredited vocational training to provide skills and recreation; community based projects (including QIPs to improve the basic services available to IDPs) and – in the case of refugee/hosting communities – fostering greater social cohesion.
 

Working environment

 
The humanitarian crisis in Yemen reached unprecedented levels during the first half of 2017, with no political solution in sight and an acute protection crisis sweeping the country. The conflict has left 20.7 million people, three quarters of the population, in need of humanitarian or protection assistance. Escalation of hostilities, disruption of basic services and destruction of infrastructure, compounded by severe economic deterioration, threat of famine, an outbreak of cholera, along with continued violations in international humanitarian law, has resulted in Yemen becoming the largest humanitarian crisis in the world. As of July, close to two million people, across 21 governorates, were forced to flee their homes, with 84 per cent of them displaced for more than a year. A further 946,000 internally displaced people (IDP) returned to their location of origin, 88 per cent of whom returned more than one year ago. Despite this trend, many returns took place under hazardous circumstances and conditions in places of return remained complex.
 
As of August 2017, the refugee and asylum-seeker population stood at some 280,600 people, all of whom continue to live in precarious situations. Despite war, an estimated 60,000 refugees and migrants arrived or transited through Yemen in 2017. Coupled with continuous economic decline and a chronic lack of livelihood opportunities, vulnerabilities of people of concern have been exponentially amplifying. Insecurity and ongoing hostilities continue to hamper provision of assistance and limit the protection space. Given these deteriorating conditions for refugees in Yemen, UNHCR in partnership with IOM, will continue to support Somali refugees wishing to return to Somalia. 
 
UNHCR partners with a number of national and international non-governmental organizations, as well as UN agencies, such as UNICEF, WFP and WHO, in order to deliver more comprehensive services to displaced populations. UNHCR leads the Protection, Shelter/Non-Food Items/ and Camp Coordination and Camp Management clusters. In addition, UNHCR works with key line Ministries to expand and enhance local response capacities, with the aim of mainstreaming health and education services for refugees into existing national systems.

Assessments conducted by the clusters have identified health, food and nutrition, and the protection of civilians as the most critical needs of the IDPs. Additional findings have identified separated families, limited freedom of movement, lack of civil documentation, arbitrary arrest and detention, harassment, limited access to services, conflict-related injuries, acute mental distress, child recruitment, gender-based violence, high cost of living and lack of livelihood opportunities as some of the main challenges faced by IDPs.
 

Key priorities

 
In 2018, UNHCR will focus on:
  • Providing lifesaving support and legal protection to refugees, asylum seekers, IDPs and IDP returnees;
  • Increasing the scope of cash-based interventions for refugees, IDPs and IDP returnees as the most effective tool to deliver assistance;
  • Jointly with the Yemen authorities, ensuring the provision of international protection to refugees arriving and residing in Yemen, in accordance with the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol to which Yemen is a signatory;
  • Advocating for and supporting diverse durable solutions for all people of concern including voluntary return, local integration, and other alternative pathways in support of comprehensive solutions;
  • Under the Assisted Spontaneous Return (ASR) programme, providing assistance to Somali refugees who wish to return to Somalia;
  • Widening the scope of an information campaign, to highlight the risks associated with irregular movements across the seas from the Horn of Africa to and through Yemen ;
  • Strengthening protection interventions for returnees and IDPs, particularly through community-based protection networks, to provide legal assistance and psychosocial support with a focus on sexual and gender-based violence survivors;
  • Increasing the level of partnerships with all humanitarian actors in Yemen with the aim of enhancing coordination mechanisms;
  • Strengthening the capacity of local partners and diversify partnerships in order to provide effective, efficient and tailor-made interventions for refugees and IDPs.
Latest contributions
  • 11-JUL-2019
    Ireland
    $10,227,273
  • 10-JUL-2019
    Sweden
    $9,376,010
  • 08-JUL-2019
    European Union
    $568,181
  • Kuwait
    $75,910
  • 05-JUL-2019
    Spain
    $1,005,114
  • 04-JUL-2019
    European Union
    $568,181
  • Japan

    private donors

    $78,200
  • 03-JUL-2019
    Angola
    $60,000
  • 02-JUL-2019
    Netherlands
    $743,035
  • 30-JUN-2019
    Argentina
    $53,550
  • Japan

    private donors

    $300,000
  • Spain
    $183,019
  • Sweden

    private donors

    $250,000
  • Oman

    private donors

    $57,251
  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $783,336
  • Saudi Arabia

    private donors

    $309,437
  • Kuwait

    private donors

    $101,816
  • 29-JUN-2019
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $122,058
  • Sweden

    private donors

    $437,792
  • Thailand

    private donors

    $578,523