Operation: Opération: Somalia



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Key Figures

2019 planning figures
92,200 Somali returnees will receive return packages
18,740 returnee households  will receive cash grants for shelter construction materials
6,100 registered  refugee children targeted will be enrolled in primary schools
3,930 registered refugees and 4,100 returnees will receive cash grants for livelihood provisioning 
2,350 reported incidents of SGBV among IDPs will receive material assistance support
32 peaceful co-existence projects will be implemented
2017 year-end results
844,500  people in need were protected and provided with life-saving assistance during the drought emergency response
83,000  people were provided with multipurpose cash grants
36,700  Somali returnees were provided with unconditional and conditional cash grants for return and initial reintegration 
25,600  children enrolled in primary school, including 2,100 Yemeni refugees and 20,700 returnees
8,300  people were provided with livelihood opportunities
6,800 Somali returnees received long-term/permanent shelters

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

Increase in
2017 2,187,585
2016 1,623,185
2015 1,188,631


[["Refugees",14567],["Asylum-seekers",14705],["IDPs",2116705],["Returned refugees",41479],["Others of concern",129]]
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2017 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[69.833919642,99.153880316,165.91668118,118.079818567,186.38427484,183.1438622],"expenditure":[26.5332932,36.1882683,50.90649389,77.0882735,null,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[24.124382822,44.514196076,93.4138341,55.025162457,79.06649113,34.11331329],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[11.40125058,13.09633044,34.86243341,23.49323017,58.44954597,112.6362472],"p4":[34.30828624,41.5433538,37.64041367,39.56142594,48.86823774,36.39430171]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[7.83034228,19.02820407,29.51135868,43.41707683,null,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[3.1304473,6.92298829,8.31500207,17.82340434,null,null],"p4":[15.57250362,10.23707594,13.08013314,15.84779233,null,null]}
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  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019

Working environment

Somalia is recovering after more than two decades of conflict but continues to face challenges. Some 2.65 million people remain internally displaced and a further 820,000 Somali refugees reside in other countries across the Horn of Africa And Yemen, as of mid-2018. Since December 2014, more than 120,000 people have returned to Somalia voluntarily. There are also some 31,000 refugees and asylum-seekers, mainly from Ethiopia and Yemen, registered in Somalia.
The situation in Somalia remains precarious as a result of insecurity and recurrent droughts. Refugee returnees and IDPs live in congested settlements or temporary sites in cities such as Mogadishu, Baidowa and Kismayo. This has increased pressure on the already limited and overstretched basic services infrastructure and livelihoods opportunities available. This limited absorption capacity hinders return and reintegration.   
Within the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, the Nairobi Declaration and its National Plan, Somalia has made significant steps towards creating conditions for safe, sustainable and voluntary return of refugees and reintegration of IDPs and refugees in Somalia.  Somalia adopted its National Plan (NAP) and has developed policies including the Draft National Policy for Refugees-Returnees and IDPs; the Land Distribution policy for Returning Refugees and IDPs; the National Disaster Management plan.   
As return prospects for Somalis are increasing in the region, there is a need to scale up the development of basic services and infrastructure, building or restoring existing infrastructures systems to support the return and reintegration of displaced communities. Infrastructure investments are needed in particularly in the areas of water, sanitation, health and education in order to make returns sustainable. 

Key Priorities

In 2019 UNHCR will continue to support the National Action Plan which derives from the Nairobi Declaration and the Comprehensive Responses. UNHCR will continue to work closely with the Federal Government of Somalia to facilitate the reception and reintegration of refugees and returnees. UNHCR will work together with all stakeholders to increase the absorption capacity of the receiving communities and expand access to basic services and livelihood opportunities;   UNHCR will monitor the protection of IDPs while supporting the Federal Government to enhance the protection of people of concern through strengthening rule of law and physical security of displaced communities, addressing the barriers to their equal enjoyment of rights and access to services. UNHCR will continue to forge partnerships with Government, NGOs, civil society, community based organization, private sector, donors and development actors in order to enhance the support the implementation of the Somalia National plan. Building on the foundational work undertaken over the past years, UNHCR Somalia will increase its engagement on Statelessness in 2019, working with key counterparts in the Somali Federal and Member State Governments to support strengthening the legislative framework to prevent statelessness. This will be done particularly through advocacy and awareness-raising activities, capacity building, provision of technical support, and widened partnerships with actors engaged in sectors of relevance to the statelessness agenda, in particular civil registration and documentation