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|2019 planning figures|
|70,000||refugee children will be registered and issued with documentation under regular birth registration process|
|60,000||people of concern will receive legal assistance|
|50,000||refugee children will be enrolled in primary school|
|35,000||people of concern will have be served by water system|
|15||units of hospital facilities equipped and rehabilitated|
|2017 year-end results|
|100%||of people of concern had access to national primary health care|
|52,760||children were registered and issued documentation under regular birth registration procedures|
|52,550||children were enrolled in primary education|
|60||education facilities were constructed or improved|
|20||litres of potable water was made available per person per day|
People of Concern
Operational EnvironmentEvolving relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan, as well as the sub-regional and internal security challenges continue to define the complex operational environment in Pakistan, with a possibility of impacting UNHCR’s operations, protection space and availability of sustainable solutions for Afghan refugees.
Following the elections in July 2018, the new government has shown intentions of solving refugees and immigrants’ issues in accordance with international humanitarian laws within the framework of the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees (SSAR).
In line with the Comprehensive Policy on Voluntary Repatriation and Management of Afghan Nationals, approved by the Federal Cabinet in 2017, the Government of Pakistan registered close to 880,000 undocumented Afghans and UNHCR will continue supporting the Government in the implementation of other aspects of the Comprehensive Policy, including i) continued extension of the Proof of Registration (PoR) cards; ii) advocacy for the enactment of the national refugee law and iii) implementation of a flexible visa regime for PoR card holders who will be able to obtain Afghan passports and Pakistani visas (business, student, inter-marriage, skilled and unskilled labour) in Pakistan. These new policies could effectively change the landscape of refugee protection and migration management in Pakistan and in the sub-region in the years to come.
In 2019, UNHCR will work with the Government of Pakistan to ensure that this flexible visa regime includes necessary protection safeguards, however the roll-out of the initiative will depend on the ability of the Government of Afghanistan to start issuing Afghan passports in Pakistan.
Key PrioritiesIn 2019, UNHCR will focus on:
- Facilitating the return, in close coordination with the Governments of Afghanistan and Pakistan, of a number of Afghans who opt for voluntary return, despite the volatility and unpredictability in the sub-region combined with deteriorating security situation in Afghanistan;
- Carrying out core mandate activities and promoting the legal stay of refugees into and beyond 2019 for their continued protection in the country. Nine Advice and Legal Aid Centres will continue to provide free legal assistance, legal interventions and advocacy, supported by a network of pro-bono lawyers;
- Pursuing its community-based protection and urban outreach strategy, with the objective to empower Afghan refugees and strengthen their resilience capacity, enabling them to minimize their exposure to protection risks.
- Finding funding for and developing projects implemented under the Refugee Affected and Hosting Areas (RAHA) initiative, which play a major role in the social cohesion between refugees and the Pakistani communities.