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|2020 planning fugures|
|120,000||people of concern will receive counselling and will be assisted to regularise their situation in Ecuador|
|>70,000||people of concern with specific needs will be assisted with multi-sectoral support, including emergency shelter|
|10,000||people will benefit from legal assistance or services as part of a joint initiative between UNHCR, the Public Defender's Office and the Ombudsman’s Office|
|785||people in heightened protection risk, mainly Colombians, will be submitted for resettlement|
|2017 year-end figures|
|1,185||people of concern were provided with legal assistance by the Public Defender and Ombudsman with the capacity building support from UNHCR|
|851||families joined the Graduation Model, aimed at lifting people out of poverty and making them self-reliant|
|655||people were submitted for resettlement, of whom 643 departed to third countries|
|317||government staff were trained on refugee law and RSD|
|219||refugees received national ID cards, providing the same rights and access to services as nationals|
People of Concern
Working environmentSome 1.5 million Venezuelans have arrived in Ecuador since 2016. While most of Venezuelans have continued their travel further south, approximately 380,000 of them have remained in Ecuador. Despite the 2016 Peace Agreement between the Colombian government and the FARC, and in view of continuing security concerns in Colombia, Ecuador also hosts an increasing number of Colombian refugees and asylum-seekers.
These population trends are likely to continue in 2020. As such, Ecuador will require additional support from UNHCR, humanitarian agencies and, beyond, from bilateral and multilateral cooperation, to ensure that it can receive and integrate increasing numbers of new arrivals.
Ecuador’s asylum legislation will continue to be in line with international refugee protection standards and despite capacity and resource challenges, the Government is expected to continue undertaking efforts to address some of the shortcomings identified in the legal refugee protection framework. In addition, refugees will continue to have access to the Civil Registry, receive ID cards, and have access to the labour market, basic education and health services.
UNHCR will continue to work in partnership with state institutions, providing support in key areas such as quality of refugee status determination, access to asylum and migratory alternatives, access to legal services and to rights, and inclusion of people of concern in social protection programmes.
In addition, UNHCR will partner with a variety of UN agencies, as well as local and international civil society organizations, particularly those working with women, children, youth and LGBTI people.
UNHCR, together with IOM, will ensure leadership of the inter-agency response to the Venezuela situation, in close coordination with the authorities, bringing together UN agencies and NGOs to coordinate, respond and inform through the Working Group on Refugees and Migrants, which, at the end of 2019 included of 24 members.
Key prioritiesIn 2020, UNHCR will continue to:
- Strengthen state/institutional capacities to receive, protect and locally integrate people of concern, and include them in public services
- Ensure the provision of emergency assistance to new arrivals, including through cash-based interventions.
- Provide information and support to new arrivals to enable a swift access to the asylum system, refugee status determination or to migratory alternatives and to documentation.
- Strengthen prevention of and response to SGBV in coordination with organization participating in the Safe Spaces Network promoted by UNHCR.
- Expand child protection responses, including alternative care arrangements for unaccompanied and separated children, in coordination with state and civil society organizations.
- Provide advice and support in the drafting of proposed amendments to the Human Mobility Law, and to legislation on access to financial services for people of concern.
- Support the Government, through technical and financial assistance, to continue ensuring that the asylum system is fair and efficient, and to implement recommendations of the Quality Assurance Initiative.
- Support the Ombudsman and the Public Defender to ensure free legal assistance to people of concern in migratory/asylum procedures.
- Work with national and local authorities, UN organizations, civil society organizations, host communities and the private sector to promote and support local integration efforts and afford new opportunities for employment and self-employment of refugees and asylum seekers, and ensure that host communities are supported and benefit from these programmes.