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|2020 planning figures|
|235,000||IDPs will benefit from camp coordination and camp management services in Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan States|
|52,500||people of concern will receive shelter support in Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan States|
|29,900||people with specific needs be supported in Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan States|
|5,750||IDP and refugee returnees will be assisted with civil status registration or documentation in south-east of Myanmar and Chin State|
|2,050||protection monitoring visits will be conducted in Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan States|
|2018 year-end results|
|213,050||IDPs supported through CCCM services to ensure equitable access to humanitarian services and protection|
|20,480||IDPs received support for shelter construction or rehabilitation|
|18,300||households received core relief items in Rakhine, Kachin, northern Shan states as well as south-east Myanmar|
|3,990||people with specific needs received special assistance|
|93||refugees voluntarily repatriated from Thailand|
People of Concern
Working environmentAn overall deterioration of the protection environment and limited prospects for solutions for people of concern to UNHCR throughout Myanmar in recent years, and more critically since mid-2017, remains of concern.
In south-east Myanmar, with limited progress in moving the peace process forward, a large-scale return of refugees from Thailand is not foreseen in the near future. However, small-scale facilitated returns and spontaneous returns are likely to continue.
In Chin State, interest for refugee returns from Malaysia and India will remain limited.
Unless meaningful progress in the peace negotiations takes place, new displacement will continue to affect Kachin and northern Shan States. While continued violence will preclude large-scale returns, opportunities for small scale solutions, mostly self-initiated by IDPs and civil society organizations, will emerge.
In Rakhine State, the overall security environment will remain precarious, which is expected to lead to further internal displacement, exacerbate pre-existing protection risks for the Rohingya community and further delay the repatriation prospects for refugees in Bangladesh. In June 2019, the Government of Myanmar, UNHCR and UNDP extended the tripartite agreement aimed at supporting the Government’s efforts in creating conditions for the voluntary, safe, dignified and sustainable repatriation of refugees from Bangladesh for an additional year. Nonetheless, in a context of increased instability, the overall protection environment for Rohingya communities remaining in Rakhine State is not expected to improve, and as such voluntary refugee returns from Bangladesh are unlikely.
In 2020, UNHCR will continue strengthening its collaboration with actors engaged in early recovery and development, including UNDP, to jointly contribute to creating conditions conducive to solutions to displacement and addressing root causes of statelessness, in close consultation with the Government of Myanmar, communities and specialized UN Agencies.
Key prioritiesIn 2020, UNHCR will focus on:
- Maintaining high outputs on protection monitoring and analysis to address specific protection risks and conduct evidence-based advocacy;
- Responding to prevailing humanitarian needs in IDP camps and beyond through coordination and robust operational delivery in the Agency’s core areas of responsibility – protection, shelter, NFI and CCCM;
- Strengthening data collection on new and protracted displacement, needs and protection risks, pursuing engagement with key actors in protection advocacy and operational response and increasing empowerment of IDPs to realize potential for solutions;
- Contributing to confidence-building measures through peaceful coexistence initiatives benefiting all communities;
- Providing capacity-building and technical support to the Government, communities and other stakeholders to create conditions for sustainable solutions to internal displacement in Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan and to address the situation of statelessness;
- Providing technical support and advice to the Government to ensure measures for the return of refugees to Rakhine, Chin and south-east Myanmar meet international standards;
- In the south-east, facilitate the implementation of the Thai-Myanmar Border Solutions Strategy, working with the respective governments to expedite pre-nationality verification, as well as activities related to access to civil documentation; physical safety and security; housing and land and property (HLP), livelihoods and basic services for returnees.