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|2020 planning figures|
|100%||of people of concern registered on an individual basis|
|100%||of the programme priorities identified by the community are implemented|
|42,000||local community members benefit from projects|
|15,000||people of concern with specific needs receiving support|
|2018 year-end results|
|40%||active female participants in leadership/management structures, 55 community groups supported and 1,563 people trained to reinforce community mobilization.|
|200,000||households provided for during the monsoon season by contingency stocks, and camp site development across 16 square kilometres|
|90,000||households provided with compressed rice-husk monthly, and 35,000 LPG stoves distributed – stemming deforestation and addressing protection needs|
|90,000||households received WASH and female hygiene kits regularly|
|62,970||emergency shelters were provided|
|52,890||households received core relief items|
|143||community-based groups working on SGBV prevention and response|
People of Concern
Working environmentThe main potential solution for refugees in Bangladesh remains voluntary repatriation. Although conditions in Myanmar are not yet conducive for repatriation, UNHCR will continue consulting with refugees on how to best improve conditions in their places of origin. UNHCR projects that the security environment in the operational area in Cox’s Bazar will remain stable in 2020. The social, economic and environmental impact of the large-scale influx in 2017 have given rise to tensions with the host community, which must be addressed through greater, visible support from development partners and localisation efforts. A major disaster during the monsoon and cyclone seasons could push the operation back into the critical emergency phase.
The Government and people of Bangladesh have demonstrated remarkable solidarity by keeping their border and communities open to an estimated 744,000 refugees from Myanmar while providing land, sharing natural resources and expanding health services and the national cyclone preparedness programme.
UNHCR takes the lead on protection and currently shares other aspects of coordination leadership for the Rohingya response with the UN Resident Coordinator and IOM Chief of Mission as co-chairs of the Strategic Executive Group. An interagency coordination review has recommended clarifying the division of responsibilities to reinforce accountability, with UNHCR taking leadership for the refugee operation, IOM leading on disaster preparedness and social cohesion with host communities and the RC coordinating the humanitarian-development nexus. Inter-agency operations in Cox’s Bazar, including the development of a Joint Response Plan, are coordinated by the Inter-Sector Coordination Group, which is led by a Senior Coordinator who reports to UNHCR. UNHCR will also contribute to the formulation of the Cox’s Bazar District development plan that focuses the attention of development actors, such as the World Bank and Asian Development Bank, on challenges that threaten to undermine the local community’s generosity to refugees, such as environmental degradation, water scarcity and competition for livelihoods.
Key prioritiesIn 2020, UNHCR intends to prioritize 1) protection through continuous joint registration with the government resulting in more targeted assistance; engaging refugees in child protection and prevention of sexual and gender based violence through community-based education, legal aid and mental health support integrated service centres and community facilities for refugee protection; 2) assist the most vulnerable families with transitional shelters/materials, CRIs or vouchers and dignity kits; 3) maintain a critical health and nutrition response, while ensuring complementarity with other health actors; 4) care and maintenance of site management, WASH facilities while continuing capacity building of local actors; 5) LPG refills and other targeted energy-saving measures; 6) mainstream peaceful co-existence programmes with the host community.
In 2020, UNHCR will focus on:
- Involvement of the community and local actors, requiring extensive capacity building in order to meet international assistance and protection standards.
- Establishing, improving and maintaining shelter and infrastructure with a continued focus on community engagement, which should ensure the maintenance of infrastructure and shelters for over 87,000 households as well as the development of 7,500 transitional shelters. Services for persons with specific needs will be strengthened through prioritized medical, rehabilitative, psychosocial and community support.
- Improving the health status of the population by providing primary healthcare services through 23 facilities and supporting the referral of 5,000 patients to secondary/tertiary health facilities.