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|2020 planning figures|
|100%||of people of concern will be registered on an individual basis with minimum set of data required|
|100%||of refugees opting for voluntary repatriation receive return packages|
|100%||of people of concern will have access to primary health-care services|
|100%||of SGBV survivors receive appropriate support|
|80%||of school-age refugee children are enrolled in early childhood and primary education|
|2018 year-end results|
|112,380||refugee children were enrolled in primary education|
|13,570||people of concern received shelter support and 6,000 households received cash for construction materials|
|8,350||refugees received voluntary repatriation packages|
|7,330||best interest assessments were conducted for child protection purposes|
|380||people received cash or vouchers for business start-ups|
People of Concern
Working environmentThe general political environment in Kenya remains stable. The government maintains an open-door policy for asylum and continues to increase their engagement in the delivery of protection services. However, refugees are still seen through a security lens, limiting their freedom of movement and exposing refugees to risk of arrest and detention if found outside of camps without proper authorization. Despite significant improvements in registration and RSD processes, the current RSD backlog of 50,000 individuals exposes them to protection risks due to their lack of documentation. UNHCR will continue to support work on the 2019 Refugee Bill and if passed in 2020, facilitate the development of regulations and training of government and stakeholders on the new Act. In the meantime, the encampment policy remains as a challenge to achieving full socio-economic inclusion for refugees in Kenya.
In line with the Global Compact for Refugees, the government in coordination with UNHCR has strengthened its strategic positioning in the Turkana West region to expand the protection space for refugees and promote solutions and responsibility-sharing through a Government-led area-based approach. Refugees are included in the County Integrated Development Plan and are part of public participation in any draft legislation.
Refugees have access to public services in education, health-care and protection, provided by humanitarian actors and the government. In urban areas, refugees are enrolled in the National Health Insurance Fund and can access public health facilities. Urban refugee children also access free public early childhood and primary education and benefit from protection services provided by children’s departments including government safe spaces. The government has also availed additional security officers in the refugee camps.
UNHCR continues to forge partnerships with government, the private sector, civil society, development partners, UN agencies and others in line with the Global Compact for Refugees to facilitate the integration of services in the camps as well as the socio-economic inclusion of refugees and host communities within the county-led systems. Partnership with the County governments will be guided by the CRRF approach to ensure that refugees and host communities have access to basic services. Regionally, UNHCR will participate in the Intergovernmental Authority on Development work on durable solutions in the region and support the implementation of the National Action Plan for Somali refugees.
Under the leadership of the Resident Coordinators Office, participation in the 2018-2022 UNDAF including in coordination, implementation, monitoring and reporting will be a key priority.
The Office will support project implementation under the World Bank loans provided to the refugee hosting counties in order to ensure that the new funds complement the ongoing UNHCR programmes and support the aim of inclusion of refugees in the county level service provision. The implementation of the IFC Kakuma and Kalobeyei Challenge Fund is expected to spur economic growth through the private sector and support to local entrepreneurs.
- Advocate for maintaining of the asylum space for people of concern, and support data management and documentation and inclusion of refugees in national registration systems.
- Increase refugee inclusion in national health and education services working closely with government line ministries
- Promote livelihood opportunities for refugees and host communities, through provision of access to training courses in accredited training facilities, supporting enterprise management and linkages between refugee businesses and local markets as well as expanding on current initiatives with the private sector to offer internship and apprenticeship opportunities to youths.
- Support voluntary returns of Somali, Burundi and Ethiopian refugees in safety and dignity, through counselling and provision of reliable and up-to-date country of origin information, cash grants, core-relief items, transportation, and basic health screening, among others.
- Advocate for legislation on stateless persons and the recognition of other nationalities.