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|2020 planning figures|
|75%||of social and economic integration is realized|
|70%||of applicants can benefit from the status determination procedure|
|60%||of people of concern access legal assistance|
|30,000||people will receive information regarding the asylum procedure and other options|
|2017 year-end results|
|31,720||individuals were informed on their right to seek asylum|
|7,730||people of concern received cash-based assistance|
|5,490||people of concern were accommodated in shelters supported by UNHCR|
|1,290||people of concern were released from detention|
People of Concern
Working environmentMexico’s geographical position makes it a country with mixed, dynamic and complex migration and displacement flows. Mexico is increasingly viewed as a country of destination rather than of transit. More people, mainly from Central America, are expressing their intention to remain in Mexico, seeking international protection and, once recognized as refugees, eventually integrating in the country.
While the protection space in Mexico is expected to improve, the number of asylum-seekers will most likely increase, due to the situation in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras in addition to the unresolved political crises in Nicaragua and Venezuela. Other reasons Mexico is increasingly viewed as a destination country include that prospects for formal employment and local integration are good in specific parts of the country.
In 2020, UNHCR will follow closely the situation at the border with the United States of America, including the implementation and effects of the US Migrant Protection Protocols.
UNHCR hopes that Mexico’s temporary leadership of the Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (known regionally as MIRPS), coupled with the comprehensive development plan under development with the North of Central America countries, will lead to a more coordinated response to the causes of forced displacement from Central America, and bolster the humanitarian and asylum response.
Key prioritiesUNHCR’s “Multi-year, multi-partner protection and solutions strategy” is aligned to the regional implementation of MIRPS and includes four strategic directions: access to the territory, immediate and basic needs, support for host communities, and durable solutions.
The MYMP is designed to ensure a transition from humanitarian assistance to self-reliance, socio-economic inclusion and full integration of people of concern in government services and programmes where necessary.
UNHCR will continue to support the Government of Mexico as it strengthens its asylum system, and it will stimulate the expansion of reception, protection and local integration spaces. This includes projects benefiting host communities in Southern Mexico, including programmes seeking to strengthen access to public services in Chiapas and Tabasco, which will benefit both refugee and host communities. UNHCR will continue providing humanitarian assistance, namely cash-based initiatives, to asylum-seekers awaiting the documentation needed to allow them to be officially employed. It will also strengthen its local integration and relocation programme, which aims to place people of concern in safer and more prosperous parts of the country.
UNHCR will assist the Mexican Refugee Commission, known as COMAR, which aims to expand its regional presence by opening new offices in key locations and improving its internal procedures to ensure a fair and efficient refugee status determination procedure. It is expected that COMAR will receive 69,700 new asylum applications in 2020 and will have the capacity to process them.