Chad

 

Operation: Opération: Chad

Location

{"longitude":19,"latitude":15,"zoom_level":0}

Latest update of camps and office locations 21  Nov  2016. By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.

Key Figures

2016 end-year results
100% of reported SGBV survivors received appropriate support
100% of  people of concern to UNHCR  had access to primary health care
71% of registered school-aged refugee children were enrolled in primary education
22,400 individuals were newly enrolled into management of acute malnutrition programs
3,200 refugees were submitted  for resettlement to third countries
2017 planning figures
8,080 refugee children under 12 months of age will be issued birth certificates. 100 per cent of people of concern will be registered by UNHCR and 89 per cent of refugees will be provided with identity cards
1,155 unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) out of 1,555 in need will have best interest assessments (BIA) initiated/completed
37% of all refugees will be supported through self-reliance and livelihood activities
100% of the refugee population will have access to primary health care and nutrition services, contributing to the maintenance of an under-five mortality rate of 0.5/1000/month
92% of primary school-aged refugee children will be enrolled in primary schools

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

17%
Increase in
2016
2016 554,248
2015 474,478
2014 505,067

 

[["Refugees",391251],["Asylum-seekers",1909],["IDPs",124342],["Returned refugees",28],["Others of concern",36718]]
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Chad

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2016 {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"budget":[177.07778363,200.85624928,227.01880633,171.27878662,162.72600883,165.1458072],"expenditure":[89.29247125,89.65632862,84.18710953,75.37343665,66.52621607,null]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[159.52616057,188.0295658,227.01880633,168.80272862,159.8415425,161.3040682],"p2":[null,null,null,1.591058,0.91141933,0.991739],"p3":[null,null,null,0.885,null,null],"p4":[17.55162306,12.82668348,null,null,1.973047,2.85]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[82.72209916,87.37685405,84.18710953,73.95915008,64.07941138,null],"p2":[null,null,null,0.60820855,0.62793008,null],"p3":[null,null,null,0.80607802,null,null],"p4":[6.57037209,2.27947457,null,null,1.81887461,null]}
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CHOOSE A YEAR
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017

Working environment

The security environment in the Lake Chad region, official closure of the borders and falling oil prices, all contributing to the current economic crisis, led Chad to take drastic measures that resulted in countrywide strikes, which further strained UNHCR’s ability to effectively deliver basic services in some remote areas. In addition to refugees and asylum-seekers, there are more than 124,000 IDPs and returnees in the Lake Region.
 
UNHCR continued its advocacy efforts with the Chadian authorities to pass the national asylum law. 
 
Durable solution prospects are limited. Camp infrastructures, rehabilitation needs and limited access to existing basic services in host villages remained a challenge to the alternative to camp approach. 

Population trends

  • In 2016, Chad hosted some 393,200 refugees and asylum-seekers, representing a population growth of 5.9 per cent from 2015.
  • 99 per cent of people of concern live in camps and host villages; and only 1 per cent in urban areas.

Achievements and impact

  • UNHCR continued to provide basic assistance and protection to people of concern as well as life-saving emergency response to the new influx of Central African refugees in June. Emergency response included registration, health and nutritional screenings, provision of core-relief items and the construction of WASH infrastructures in host villages.
  • Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) reporting mechanisms have been strengthened. Efforts to monitor, combat and raise awareness against female genital mutilation (FGM) were improved, resulting in a significant reduction in reported incidents (1.2 per cent of all SGBV reported incidents) as compared to 2015.
  • The enrolment of refugee girls in basic education increased with boys and girls now each representing 50 per cent of total number of students.
  • Over 58,000  people of concern to UNHCR took part in livelihood programs.
  • Out of a total of some 21,300 returnees, 17,200 in need received birth certificates.

Unmet needs

  • Chronic malnutrition rates remained above the standard threshold in all 19 camps and above the emergency threshold in 14 camps.
  • Refugees continue to suffer the negative consequences of continuing WFP food ration cuts with some 63,500 CAR refugees being impacted by further cuts in 2016.
  • In eastern Chad, water supply was as low as 12 litres per person per day and over 70 per cent of households do not have family latrines; only 16 per cent latrine coverage in Dar Es Salaam camp.
  • Primary net enrolment rate was only 45 per cent. Only 30 per cent of teachers are qualified and class size exceeds 100 students in some camps. 

 

The protection environment in Chad is fragile. Insecurity in neighbouring States often affects the country’s ability to provide safety for people in need of international protection. The protracted refugee situation in Chad continues to put pressure on local communities. The prospects for repatriation are limited for Central African, Nigerian and Sudanese refugees, and resettlement opportunities are finite.
 
In keeping with UNHCR’s policy on alternatives to camps, the overall goal of the Office is to enable people of concern to pursue normal lives and reduce their dependency on aid. In the meantime, refugees are able to access public education and health services. The focus in 2016 will be on: supporting self-reliance and livelihood opportunities; assuring refugees’ freedom of movement and stay within Chad; and strengthening the capacity of public education and health services and infrastructure.
 
The critical areas of 2016 financial requirements are: livelihoods/self-reliance support; child protection, education and awareness and prevention of SGBV; issuance of birth certificates; and health and nutrition. For the past two years, the food basket distributed to refugees has covered less than 60 per cent of the standard nutritional intake. This situation will be at risk of further deterioration unless financial resources are made available to pursue complementary alternatives to food aid, consistent with UNHCR’s self-reliance objectives.