Côte d'Ivoire

 

Operation: Opération: Côte d'Ivoire

Location

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Key Figures

2018 year-end results
1,590 people of concern with specific needs were assisted
920 returnees were provided with permanent shelter support
370 people, repatriated in 2017 and 2018, benefited from income generating and housing assistance
320 refugee children received education support, with 180 enrolled in primary education and 140 in secondary education
130 people of concern were registered and issued documentation through a late-birth registration procedure
2019 planning figures
2,060 refugees will receive shelter support
1,490 people of concern will receive production kits or inputs for agriculture/livestock/fisheries activities
1,130 people of concern will be provided with entrepreneurship / business training
1,130 people of concern with specific needs will be provided with cash/vouchers for livelihoods purposes
490 refugee households will receive cash grants for rent
210 people of concern will receive residence permits

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

1%
Decrease in
2018
2018 696,972
2017 702,415
2016 715,353

 

[["Refugees",1810],["Asylum-seekers",217],["Returned refugees",2839],["Stateless",692000],["Others of concern",106]]
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Côte d'Ivoire

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2018 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[27.245166635,26.54975356,30.78501955,20.258448214,16.55100147,16.597832],"expenditure":[13.36914223,9.28496264,14.39998206,10.84026725,9.52515789,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[15.644387895,15.03323275,10.38524445,7.03383859,3.88470462,7.078136],"p2":[2.71130599,3.59930438,3.99044151,4.15883048,9.45701234,6.431205],"p3":[8.88947275,7.91721643,16.40933359,9.065779144,3.20928451,3.088491],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[7.72297774,4.70827247,10.07240248,5.02392262,3.84299947,null],"p2":[1.48255059,2.07055165,1.69819924,1.91388337,3.5142156,null],"p3":[4.1636139,2.50613852,2.62938034,3.90246126,2.16794282,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
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CHOOSE A YEAR
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019

Operational context

In 2018, the Government of Côte d’Ivoire took steps toward reconciliation with granting amnesty to 800 prisoners accused or convicted of crimes relating to the 2010-2011 crisis. The recent decision of the International Criminal Court to conditionally release the former Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo will likely encourage further return of the 23,330 Ivorian refugees who remain in Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali and Togo. However, increasing political tensions ahead of the 2020 presidential elections, lack of progress with national reconciliation and increasing social and community conflicts remained in Côte d’Ivoire.
 
Towards the end of 2018, UNHCR organized an inter-ministerial, regional meeting on the Comprehensive Solution Strategy for Ivoirian refugees in Abidjan. One of the outcomes of the meeting was a detailed action plan. The plan will start being implemented in 2019. The focus is on finding durable solutions, repatriation or local integration, for the remaining Ivorian refugees.
 
A strategy for local integration of refugees was finalized in 2018. In line with this strategy, UNHCR will continue to assist the Government to look into durable solutions in 2019-2020 for refugees from various nationalities residing mainly in urban areas.
 
The National Action Plan to Eradicate Statelessness has yet to be adopted, despite continuous advocacy from UNHCR and its partners. While the reasons for the delay are unclear, and most likely linked to political considerations, some of the plan’s actions have been implemented by the Government. The major achievements in 2018 include the promulgation of two laws on civil status and the recognition of 11 stateless foundlings, children born to unknown parents, as Ivoirian citizens.
 

Population trends

At year end, Côte d’Ivoire continued to host some 1,800 refugees from various nationalities, mainly in urban areas.
 
UNHCR and partners repatriated and provided assistance to 2,780 Ivorian refugees over the course of the year, bringing the total number of voluntary returns facilitated to more than 71,920 since 2011. Some 23,330 Ivorian refugees remain in countries in the region.
 
The size of the stateless population remained uncertain. UNHCR’s planning figures for the past few years were achieved by subtracting from the total number of stateless persons recognized and communicated by the government since 2012 (700,000 persons) those who benefitted from the Special Declaration Program (a little over 8,000 stateless persons). This amounted to approximately 692,000 persons still considered as stateless or at risk of statelessness. However, in light of the new mapping exercise conducted in 2018, these figures will most likely change in 2019, when the results of the study are made available. 
 

Key achievements

Efforts for realizing the potential for voluntary return remained a key objective of UNHCR and its partners in 2018. Come-and-tell visits for refugees were conducted in Ghana and Togo, while two go-and-see visits also took place in for refugees from Ghana and the Guinea in Côte d’Ivoire.
In 2018, close to 2,780 refugees repatriated to Côte d’Ivoire under the assisted repatriation programme with the support of UNHCR and its partners. Safe and dignified transport and hot meals were provided to all 2,780 returnees and 57 people not of concern.
 Upon arrival to Côte d’Ivoire, all returnees received return packages, comprising of a 3-month food ration from WFP, a cash grant for NFIs and, for those returning to urban areas, an allowance for transportation to their final destination. All returnees also benefited from cash grants. Special assistance was provided to 123 people with specific needs. Three transit centres were maintained.
 
Permanent shelter, including a household latrine, was provided by UNHCR and its partner to a total of 924 returnees in 198 households. All 198 households received training and 31 shelter committees were formed. The 31 shelter committees received shelter materials and maintenance tool kits.
UNHCR also worked on improving the self-reliance and livelihoods of Ivorian returnees. To ensure access to agricultural/livestock/fisheries production, production kits or inputs were provided, and cooperatives and production units were formed and supported. Access to self-employment or businesses was facilitated through entrepreneurship and business trainings, coupled with the formation of small business associations.
 
In 2018, a nation-wide statelessness mapping exercise was conducted with the support of the National Institute of Statistics (INS) to provide in-depth qualitative and quantitative data on statelessness and to map statelessness trends across the country. The data was collected and the different preparatory activities conducted in 2018, while the final report will be published in early 2019.
Concerning reduction of statelessness, the three decisions, and the precedent created by these decisions will now support future advocacy efforts to ensure that foundlings are no longer stateless in Côte d’Ivoire. Additionally, two important civil status laws were adopted and promulgated in late 2018 one reforming the 1964 Civil Status Law and the other creating a special procedure for late birth registration. While the first law reforms and modernizes the current civil status system, the latter, once in place, will create a temporary procedure to promote late birth registration, free of cost, for those who have not been registered. Both application decrees are currently under adoption.

Unmet needs

  • While the social security system remains pending due to lack of funds, UNHCR is providing assistance to many people with special needs.
  • Due to internal issues, the Office National de l’Identification has stopped the production of identity documents, making free movement and access to services by refugees with no identity documents difficult.
  • Refugee students could not be enrolled in high schools, due to being subject to higher fees than nationals.
  • Due to funding constraints, only the health care costs of people with specific needs could be covered.
  • The number of late birth registration documents produced for persons at risk of statelessness was lower than what had originally been planned, since the overall cost was higher than expected.

Working environment

 
Côte d’Ivoire is a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention, the 1967 Protocol and to the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention related to refugees. The constitution provides for the granting of asylum or refugee status in accordance with international obligations. Côte d’Ivoire has a long history of welcoming refugees and migrants, and, despite tensions related to national identity, and the conflict within the country, it has kept its borders open to those seeking protection.
 
The Government of Côte d’Ivoire has demonstrated its commitment to the cause of statelessness, by acceding to the two international conventions on statelessness in 2013, and by adopting the Abidjan Declaration in 2015. Côte d’Ivoire also adopted a special law allowing a certain group of people, including stateless people, to acquire Ivoirian nationality by declaration. Nationality Code (adopted in 1961 and provides for nationality to be attributed to every person born in Côte d’Ivoire unless both parents are “foreigners” (étrangers)) reform is imperative and with the election of new parliament in December 2016, implementing the advocacy strategy is a top priority. The National Action Plan to eradicate statelessness is in the process of adoption by the government, defining the roles and responsibilities of all actors including that of the government.
 
The communal elections scheduled for 2018 are expected to confirm the country’s return to stability. However, the retreat of UNOCI and UNMIL, recent mutinies and social unrest in early 2017 suggest that tensions remain. As such, targeted efforts continue to be required in 2018 in the areas of transitional justice, consolidation of social cohesion, and reform of the security sector. In the light of results obtained by protection monitoring, the reintegration needs of returnees remain significant.
 
In March 2017, UNHCR presented its protection strategy for the year 2018 to the Ivorian government, as well as to the development and humanitarian actors. The strategy was adopted and the Ivorian government reiterated its commitment to support UNHCR’s activities in 2018, notably through the inclusion of people of concern in its national programmes. These include compensations for victims of the post-election crises, a youth employment programme, and the implementation of the national action plan for eradicating statelessness.
 
 

Key priorities

 
In 2018, UNHCR will focus on:
  • Ensuring access to refugee status determination procedures and documentation, including travel documents with the Government.
  • Strengthening the capacity of the administrative authorities with regard to refugee protection legislation.
  • Developing and implementing a strategy for local integration of refugees
  • Conducting advocacy for Nationality Code reform to ensure nationality for stateless children, historic migrants and their descendants who have a link with Côte d’Ivoire (birth, residence etc.).
  • Advocating for the extension of special law to be made more accessible to stateless persons, by reducing evidentiary standards.
  • Supporting late birth certificates to persons at risk of statelessness.
  • Supporting vulnerable Ivoirian returnees in process of reintegration with shelter, livelihoods, documentation and SGBV. 
Latest contributions
  • 14-NOV-2019
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    $10,296,011
  • 13-NOV-2019
    Switzerland
    $504,032
  • 06-NOV-2019
    Germany
    $91,430
  • 04-NOV-2019
    Germany
    $10,000,000
  • 01-NOV-2019
    Sweden
    $4,113,534
  • Lithuania
    $55,555
  • 31-OCT-2019
    Netherlands

    private donors

    $230,277
  • Spain

    private donors

    $7,997,929
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $73,558
  • Italy

    private donors

    $1,753,272
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $331,976
  • 30-OCT-2019
    Thailand

    private donors

    $735,313
  • Brazil

    private donors

    $214,605
  • Germany
    $173,960,613
  • Malaysia

    private donors

    $191,485
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $145,441
  • China

    private donors

    $866,589
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $3,866,688
  • Canada

    private donors

    $491,090
  • 29-OCT-2019
    Japan
    $2,193,428