Syrian Arab Republic
Operation: Syrian Arab Republic
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|2020 planning figures|
|750,000||IDPs and refugee and IDP returnees will receive legal assistance|
|550,000||internally displaced and returning refugee and IDP families will have access to core relief items and winterization support|
|80,000||emergency shelters will be given to refugees and IDPs|
|31,030||long-term shelters will be provided to returnees|
|7,600||refugee and asylum-seeker households will receive cash grants|
|2018 year-end results|
|522,100||people accessed primary health care|
|386,800||IDPs and returnees received counselling, information and legal aid assistance through a network of 211 lawyers and 96 outreach volunteers|
|134,000||IDP families received core relief items|
|107,440||IDPs were enrolled in accelerated learning programmes|
|101,960||IDPs with specific needs received support|
|18,620||IDPs received life-skills training for livelihood purposes|
|15,610||IDPs were provided with emergency shelters|
|77%||of school-aged refugee children were enrolled in primary education|
People of Concern
Syrian Arab Republic
Working environmentThe scale, severity and complexity of the humanitarian needs of people in the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) remain extensive. There are significant protection risks due to continuous hostilities in localized areas, new and protracted displacements, an increase in self-organized returns and the erosion of communities’ resilience without enhanced international support. With the Syria crisis in its ninth year, more than 6.2 million Syrians remain internally displaced (as of August 2019) and over 11 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria. The humanitarian situation in north-east Syria remains dire, with an estimated 1.65 million people currently in need of humanitarian assistance, including in Al-Hol camp in Al-Hasakeh governorate (as of September 2019). As of early November, over 215,000 population movements were recorded across Al-Hasakeh, Ar-Raqqa and Aleppo governorates following the start of the military operations in north-east Syria on 9 October, including nearly 70,000 children. While some 100,000 people have returned to their areas of origin, over 100,000 people remain displaced. Meanwhile, north-west Syria continues to be characterized by ongoing conflict, which exposes civilians directly to hostilities. More than 400,000 people were displaced from northern Hama and southern Idleb governorate between April and September 2019, including many who have been displaced multiple times before.
Self-organized returns of IDPs and refugees from neighbouring countries continue to areas where stability has been restored, and that have become accessible, requiring an expanded response. Between January 2016 and September 2019, more than 209,000 Syrian refugees spontaneously returned from Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. As of end September 2019, the number of refugee returns stands at around 75,500 –– surpassing the total number of returns verified throughout 2018 (55,248). Intention surveys indicate at least three quarters of the Syrian refugee population hope to return one day. Meanwhile, according to OCHA, there were an estimated 341,000 spontaneous IDP returns between January and September 2019.
In the context of the Whole of Syria approach, UNHCR continues to play a key coordination role, leading the Protection and Community Services, Shelter and Non-Food Items sectors. UNHCR will continue to work closely with its national NGO partners to provide protection and assistance to people of concern.
Key prioritiesWithin the framework of the Syria “2019 Humanitarian Response Plan”, UNHCR’s strategic and operational priorities for 2020 are:
- Preparing for, and responding to, a potential influx of IDPs and refugees, as well as returns of IDPs and refugees.
- Contributing to fostering an environment for voluntary, dignified, safe and sustainable return of refugees and IDPs. Focusing particularly on supporting those who return spontaneously and their communities.
- Enhancing the protective environment for refugees and promote innovative solutions, shifting from individualized approaches to more community-based interventions.
- Strengthening delivery-focused partnerships to achieve the above through inter-agency and sector coordination fora.