Syrian Arab Republic

 

Operation: Opération: Syrian Arab Republic

Location

{"longitude":39,"latitude":35,"zoom_level":0,"iso_codes":"'SYR'"}

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Key Figures

2018 year-end results
522,100 people accessed primary health care
386,800 IDPs and returnees received counselling, information and legal aid assistance through a network of 211 lawyers and 96 outreach volunteers
134,000 IDP families received core relief items
107,440 IDPs were enrolled in accelerated learning programmes
101,960 IDPs with specific needs received support
18,620 IDPs received life-skills training for livelihood purposes
15,610 IDPs were provided with emergency shelters
77% of school-aged refugee children were enrolled in primary education
2019 planning figures
250,000 IDP households will receive core relief items 
250,000 IPD households receive seasonal items for winter
250,000 IDP persons will receive legal assistance
40,500 IDP households will receive shelter assistance
7,000 most vulnerable refugee/asylum-seeker households will receive multi-purpose cash assistance
140 community/ satellite centres will be “one-stop” facilities providing a basket of integrated protection services to IDPs and returnees 

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

6%
Decrease in
2018
2018 6,600,217
2017 7,033,119
2016 7,131,910

 

[["Refugees",18817],["Asylum-seekers",18654],["IDPs",6183920],["Returned refugees",210947],["Stateless",160000],["Others of concern",7879]]
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Syrian Arab Republic

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2018 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[331.41534753,366.77411747,315.69039415,497.600068126,612.18900001,624.38269265],"expenditure":[205.04924968,173.76697349,137.49994288,159.72845298,186.69789025,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[69.84079225,56.81599041,52.75013228,47.39999955,47.24606579,46.96814909],"p2":[0.57833829,0.17973042,0.1946423,0.21116958,0.19864073,0.198641],"p3":[null,null,null,146,259.2,259.38285378],"p4":[260.99621699,309.77839664,262.74561957,303.988898996,305.54429349,317.83304878]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[40.86751359,23.27234083,23.57270191,16.49820621,14.80230378,null],"p2":[0.44117528,0.12660126,0.10932031,0.007318,0.00788707,null],"p3":[null,null,null,4.84129756,29.36963591,null],"p4":[163.74056081,150.3680314,113.81792066,138.38163121,142.51806349,null]}
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  • 2019

Operational context

In 2018, the “Syria situation” remained the largest humanitarian and refugee crisis in the world. Humanitarian needs remained staggering in terms of scale, severity and complexity, with significant protection risks continuing in a number of areas. The year saw developments in military operations with local reconciliations resulting in changes in ground control and subsequent new displacements. By the end of August, the UN determined that there were no more besieged areas, however, some 1.16 million of an estimated 11.7 million people in need of humanitarian assistance remained in hard-to-reach areas.
As new areas became accessible to humanitarian actors, more complex humanitarian challenges emerged, such as providing community-based protection services to displaced people in remote rural areas. Around 4.2 million people remained in need of shelter and as unemployment increased to 55%, some 70% of the population were living in extreme poverty.

During the same period, IDPs and refugees from across the region continued to return to areas where stability was restored, or where hostilities had declined or ceased, as well as to newly accessible areas. However, there were significant obstacles and protection risks associated with return, including: ongoing military operations, insecurity, lack of legal documentation, land and property issues, as well as limited access to services and livelihood opportunities. With more people returning to their areas of origin, the needs for registration of civil documentation remained immense. UNHCR’s strategic priorities remained the integration of protection services and emergency life-saving assistance: responding to the humanitarian needs of IDPs, returnees, refugees and host communities.

Population trends

In 2018, around 11.7 million people across the country were in need of humanitarian and protection assistance with 6.2 million people internally displaced. As fighting continued in some areas, an estimated 1.6 million people were displaced within the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) in 2018, many multiple times.
As certain areas experienced relative stability, some 56,000 Syrian refugees from the region and 1.4 million IDPs returned to their areas of origin. In comparison to 2017, there was a 10% increase in verified refugee returns to Syria in 2018. The most recent UNHCR refugee return intention surveys found that voluntary repatriation remains the preferred durable solution for the majority of Syrian refugees in the region. However, only about 6% of respondents stated that they intended to return in the next 12 months. 

Key achievements

  • Some 2.3 million people were assisted by integrated protection services through 97 community centers, 26 satellite centers supported by 100 mobile units and over 2,800 outreach volunteers.
  • Six village support programmes were introduced across Syria. The purpose of the village support programme is to reach areas where UNHCR and its partners have identified a high number of IDP and refugee returnees and an increase is expected. When families return to their area of origin, they are in need of services to help them regain normality in their lives. Through this project, UNHCR, together with its partners, provided a combination of prioritized services including: provision of protection services through its community, satellite centers, mobile units and outreach volunteers (ORVs). Provision of basic needs was also provided through distribution of core relief items in these targeted areas.  Shelter rehabilitation, minor repair and rehabilitation of schools, health points and civil registries to give access to shelter, education, health services and legal services.
  • A “one window” project to support returnees in rehabilitation and documentation for damaged houses was piloted in Homs. 

Unmet needs

Due to various reasons including security and operational challenges as well as resource limitations, some programmes/activities were partially or fully not implemented.
  • Plans to expand the network of community centres did not materialize, leaving 1.1 million people without much needed protection services, while nearly 134,400 IDPs and returnees could not receive shelter support.
  • The prolonged bureaucratic procedures and multi-layered approvals required by partners to establish community centres affected the timely implementation of community centre plans. The formal registration of all camp-based IDPs in the Al-Hassakeh governorate was not achieved – particularly in Al-Hol camp – due to operational constraints and a new emergency in north-east Syria.
  • Despite reported returns, UNHCR had limited access in areas such as Ar-Raqqa, Deir-Ez-Zour and Idlib governorates, inhibiting its capacity to identify needs and respond in a consistent manner.

Working environment

The crisis in Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) has had devastating consequences for civilians with nearly half of Syria's pre-crisis population being internally or externally displaced. Currently 13.5 million people in Syria are in need of humanitarian assistance, including nearly three million people living in hard-to-reach and besieged locations. The ceasefire in December 2016 and the Astana talks leading to the establishment of four “de-escalation areas” have yielded a noticeable decrease in armed hostilities, bringing about a renewed hope for a political solution to the crisis and increased access to people in need.
 
An estimated 600,000 IDPs and more than 30,000 refugees spontaneously returned home in the first half of 2017. However, conditions for return in safety and dignity are not yet in place and UNHCR does not promote, nor facilitate, the return of refugees to Syria at this time. UNHCR is enhancing protection and assistance in Syria for those IDPs and refugees who may voluntarily and spontaneously return, as well as continuing its programmes for IDPs and those newly displaced.
 
The 2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview and Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) are being developed and will set the framework within which the humanitarian community will respond to the large-scale humanitarian needs. Despite the devastating crisis and although the country is not party to the main international refugee instruments, the Government continues to apply favorable policies towards refugees and asylum-seekers.
 
In the context of the Whole of Syria approach, UNHCR continues to play a key coordination role leading of the Protection/Community Services, Shelter and Non-Food items sectors.
 

Key priorities

In 2018, UNHCR will focus on:
  • Providing life-saving assistance to IDPs across the country;
  • Engaging the Government in raising protection concerns and finding appropriate solutions and support national counterparts in addressing issues pertaining to civil registration/documentation, as well as Housing, Land, and Property (HLP) rights;
  • Enhancing protection through a wide range of integrated community-based protection programmes, with a particular attention to sexual and gender-based violence, child protection, and services for people with specific needs;
  • Registration of new asylum-seekers;
  • Identifying durable solutions, including resettlement and voluntary repatriation for refugees;
  • Providing services in areas of return for the expected self-organized refugee and IDP returnees, while advocating that any returns be safe, dignified, informed, voluntary and sustainable return. 
Latest contributions
  • 11-OCT-2019
    European Union
    $109,410
  • Netherlands
    $2,352,940
  • Liechtenstein
    $403,227
  • 10-OCT-2019
    Germany
    $116,073
  • 07-OCT-2019
    United States of America

    private donors

    $281,359
  • 03-OCT-2019
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    $12,931,034
  • 02-OCT-2019
    Denmark
    $3,663,004
  • Germany
    $2,188,184
  • 30-SEP-2019
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $163,071
  • United States of America

    private donors

    $295,000
  • Netherlands

    private donors

    $137,178
  • France

    private donors

    $92,258
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $60,259
  • Italy

    private donors

    $1,594,953
  • Spain

    private donors

    $6,715,150
  • Kuwait
    $12,000,000
  • Denmark
    $16,202,681
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $139,349
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $173,377
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $3,843,047