Central African Republic
Operation: Central African Republic
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|2019 planning figures|
|100%||of people of concern enjoy international protection|
|100%||of IDPs benefit from Protection, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), emergency shelter and basic domestic items related activities|
|160,780||new returnees benefit from sustainable reintegration assistance|
|2017 year-end results|
|33,110||IDPs returned to their areas of origin|
|1,490||Sudanese refugees repatriated voluntarily|
|52||out of 73 IDP sites (71%) were introduced with coordination mechanisms and tools|
|15||awareness campaigns on prevention of SGBV were conducted|
People of Concern
Central African Republic
Working environmentThe Central African Republic (CAR) continues to face a deteriorating security environment as a result of widespread violence and clashes between armed groups. Access to some remote areas remains challenging. The increase in human rights violations, reprisals targeting the civilian population and inter-ethnic violence have led to the highest displacement level since 2013. The number of IDPs increased by 60 per cent from 2016 to 2017, reaching 688,700. The south-east, central and north-western parts of the CAR remain under the control of armed groups and are the most affected regions. However, the situation is expected to improve during 2019 with a gradual restauration of the state authority and the implementation of the National Strategy for Recovery and Peace Consolidation (RCPCA). In addition, the south-west and other regions of the country are expected to remain stable. This may enable returns and reintegration activities.
The Government pursues its commitment to the African Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation and its road map to find a political solution through an inclusive dialogue with the armed groups and all segments of society. MINUSCA, the African Union, the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), and neighbouring countries continue to play their role to promote lasting peace, social cohesion and stability in the CAR.
In 2019, UNHCR will strengthen and diversify its partnerships to implement the multi-sector protection and assistance activities for IDPs, returnees and refugees. It will continue its direct collaboration with traditional actors and will also reach out to civil society, donors, development actors, private sectors and UN agencies. The Government will remain the first interlocutor for the implementation of the durable solutions strategy through the National Commission for Refugees (CNR) and the Support Program for Resettlement and Reintegration (PARRET).
Key prioritiesUNHCR intends to strengthen its coordination role of the Protection, Shelter and Camp Coordination and Camp Management Clusters and the coordination with countries hosting Central African refugees to further unite key actors around the humanitarian response and identification of durable solutions. In particular, collaboration with MINUSCA and local authorities will be enhanced for securing IDP sites and villages/city districts to promote sustainable voluntary return and reintegration. Therefore, sustainable solutions will require resources and capacity to:
- Strengthen collaboration with the Central African authorities and the international community to address the lack of access to basic social services and infrastructures and housing, land and property issues to make returns and reintegration comprehensive and sustainable for IDPs, returnees and refugees;
- Enhance the complementarity synergy that includes humanitarian and development actors, private sectors, the whole-of society and the whole-of-politic actors;
- Implement the emergency response and the durable solutions simultaneously: clashes and violence driving new displacements may continue in some locations when on the other side the returns occur.