Islamic Republic of Iran

 

Operation: Opération: Islamic Republic of Iran

Location

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Key Figures

2018 year-end results
498,000 children, out of which 103,000 are undocumented children, were enrolled in public primary and secondary schools
92,000 vulnerable refugees were enrolled in the Universal Public Health Insurance scheme and benefited from universal health coverage   
10,350 people with specific needs received support
2,400 over-aged students (children and adult refugees) benefitted from literacy classes
21 community-based projects were implemented/initiated
8 schools for refugee and host community children were constructed
2019 planning figures
95% of people of concern have access to secondary and tertiary health care 
1,000 people of concern will be facilitated for their departure for resettlement
805 Afghan refugees will be provided with entrepreneurship/ business training
25 schools will be built to enhance the capacity of the national education system and facilitate the access of additional 9,000 refugee and host community children to education
20 projects benefiting local and displaced communities will be implemented to enhance community engagement and resilience

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

0%
Decrease in
2018
2018 979,476
2017 979,525
2016 979,537

 

[["Refugees",979435],["Asylum-seekers",33],["Returned refugees",8]]
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Islamic Republic of Iran

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2018 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[68.48044209,72.823781737,76.76538033,97.24654417,98.75662219,98.916706],"expenditure":[30.14519856,21.93132368,36.211779,35.12314787,27.87564296,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[68.48044209,72.823781737,76.76538033,97.24654417,98.75662219,98.916706],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[30.14519856,21.93132368,36.211779,35.12314787,27.87564296,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
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CHOOSE A YEAR
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  • 2019

Working environment

In 2016, the Islamic Republic of Iran remained the world’s fourth largest refugee-hosting country, with one of the largest and most protracted Afghan refugee populations.
 
In the Islamic Republic of Iran, great strides have been made to enhance refugee access to health care and education.
 
In September 2016, the second phase of the implementation of the national universal public health insurance scheme was launched. Access to this scheme helps address the health needs of refugees as well as financial challenges.   
 
The authorities continued to implement the 2015 decree by the Supreme Leader allowing undocumented children to enroll in local schools. In the course of the year, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran also revised regulations on the registration of foreign national students resulting in the removal of refugee-specific tuition fees for primary and secondary education.
 
The number of refugees who chose to voluntarily repatriate continued to be low.  A total of 788 refugees departed for resettlement to third countries. 

Population trends

  • According to the government authorities, the Islamic Republic of Iran hosted approximately 979,000 refugees, including more than 951,000 Afghans and over 28,000 Iraqis.
  • 97 per cent of refugees live in urban areas while 3 per cent reside in the 20 settlements.
  • Close to 2,300 Afghan refugees and 128 Iraqi refugees voluntarily repatriated to their respective countries of origin.

Achievements and impact

  • In 2016, UNHCR focused on youth empowerment by providing support to refugee communities and by contributing to education, self-reliance and livelihoods opportunities within the framework of the regional “Solutions strategy for Afghan refugees so support voluntary repatriation, sustainable integration and assistance to host countries” (SSAR) and the “UNHCR regional plan ‘on building resilience and solutions for Afghan refugees in South-West Asia’’.
  • UNHCR worked with the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to ensure refugee access to its universal health insurance scheme. The Office contributed to the Government’s efforts by covering the insurance premium for vulnerable refugees.
  • UNHCR collaborated with the Ministry of Education to build additional schools and classrooms in order to increase enrolment of refugees and undocumented Afghans to primary and secondary education.  Following the Supreme Leader’s decree in May 2015, some 52,000 undocumented Afghan children were enrolled in the national education system for the 2016-2017 year.
  • UNHCR, together with the authorities, expanded its community outreach leading to the improved identification of people with specific needs and to the improvement of referral mechanisms.
  • UNHCR established and led the inter-agency Cash Working Group, in order to ensure efficient and coordinated cash-based interventions.  

Unmet needs

  • Given limited resources, UNHCR was only able to support the construction of 16 out of 30 schools that were initially planned for the year.
  • The number of refugees with specific needs who received cash assistance was limited due to budgetary constraints.
  • UNHCR was able to provide support to only 117,500 vulnerable refugees in order to ensure access to the national health insurance scheme, while many other refugees faced financial challenges as they were required to pay the insurance premium.

 

The Islamic Republic of Iran was the world’s fourth largest hosting country of refugees under UNHCR’s mandate in 2014. There are 982,000 refugees in the country – including over 951,000 Afghan and 28,000 Iraqi refugees, according to the Government’s 2013 registration data. Ninety-seven per cent of refugees reside in urban settings, while the remainder are in settlements.
 
The Islamic Republic of Iran has been hosting and providing protection and assistance to Afghan refugees for over 30 years. Despite the political and socio-economic challenges, the Government has demonstrated solidarity, including through significant efforts to provide Afghan refugees with education, healthcare and livelihood opportunities. The Office welcomes the decision by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to include refugees in the universal national health insurance scheme. 
 
In 2016, together with the Government, UNHCR will continue focusing its programmes on health, education and livelihoods, aimed at empowering refugees to contribute to reconstructing Afghanistan and facilitating their reintegration upon eventual return. Youth empowerment will continue to be a programme focus. The Office will support the implementation of the Iran Portfolio of Projects developed within the regional Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees to Support Voluntary Repatriation, Sustainable Reintegration and Assistance to Host Countries and approved by the National Steering Committee.
Latest contributions
  • 14-NOV-2019
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    $10,296,011
  • 13-NOV-2019
    Switzerland
    $504,032
  • 06-NOV-2019
    Germany
    $91,430
  • 04-NOV-2019
    Germany
    $10,000,000
  • 01-NOV-2019
    Sweden
    $4,113,534
  • Lithuania
    $55,555
  • 31-OCT-2019
    Netherlands

    private donors

    $230,277
  • Spain

    private donors

    $7,997,929
  • Mexico

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    $73,558
  • Italy

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    $1,753,272
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $331,976
  • 30-OCT-2019
    Thailand

    private donors

    $735,313
  • Brazil

    private donors

    $214,605
  • Germany
    $173,960,613
  • Malaysia

    private donors

    $191,485
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $145,441
  • China

    private donors

    $866,589
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $3,866,688
  • Canada

    private donors

    $491,090
  • 29-OCT-2019
    Japan
    $2,193,428