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|2018 year-end results|
|840,000||people of concern received multi-purpose cash assistance, including seasonal assistance for winter, with a direct cash transfer value of over $141 million|
|105,400||refugees and Lebanese nationals benefitted from services in 23 community development centres|
|86,000||refugees and 75,000 Lebanese nationals benefitted from 17 projects to expand access to improved water supplies, to ensure safe solid waste disposal, and to mitigate flood risks|
|78,700||lifesaving and obstetric hospital referrals were supported, 60% of which were deliveries|
|9,810||refugees were resettled and 8,390 cases were submitted for resettlement|
|3,800||refugees received counselling, information on humanitarian assistance, services and protection information from UNHCR every hour through various communication channels|
|2019 planning figures|
|86,160||vulnerable refugee families will be provided with monthly multi-purpose cash assistance to help meet their basic needs|
|101,000||lifesaving obstetric and emergency hospitalizations will be supported|
|42,800||people of concern will receive legal assistance|
|24,370||refugees with specific needs will be supported with case management services and assistance|
People of Concern
Operational EnvironmentLebanon remains the country hosting the largest number of refugees per capita, with Government estimate of 1.5 million Syrian refugees, some 20,000 refugees of other origins, in addition to the Palestine refugees under UNRWA’s mandate.
Lebanon has contributed immensely to the response by giving refugees equal access to the public schools, hospitals and social development centres. However, the increased pressure on these services and the infrastructure, competition over jobs and other factors are trying the patience and hospitality of the host community.
The multi-partnership Lebanon Crisis Response Plan (LCRP) 2017-2020 provides a framework for an integrated humanitarian-development response in which the needs of the refugees are – to the extent possible based on national laws and policies – met by strengthening the capacity of national institutions and local civil society organizations to deliver services, and thereby the impact of the refugee presence is mitigated through support to host communities and vulnerable Lebanese. At the same time, it is essential for UNHCR and its partners to maintain a robust, complementary humanitarian response given the Government’s policy against longer-term stay and integration and the consequential limitations on refugees’ right to work and fully access national institutions, as well as limitations on humanitarians’ ability to support sustainable interventions.
In this environment, UNHCR anticipates that the vulnerabilities of Syrian and non-Syrian refugees are likely to further increase due to cumulative factors in this protracted situation, where refugees have limited possibilities to become self-reliant and are still largely dependent on humanitarian assistance to meet their basic needs and stay resilient against exploitation, evictions and other risks.
Key prioritiesIn 2019, UNHCR will focus on:
- Continuing to work closely with the Lebanese Government, UN, civil society and private sector partners – in a whole of society approach and within the established coordination structure – to support refugees’ ability to preserve their well-being and dignity and the Lebanese communities hosting them, while UNHCR pursues durable solutions outside the country. This will be done through complementary activities ranging from the identification of individual and collective protection risks and advocacy as well as legal and social aid to address these, to support to the Lebanese institutions to increase their capacity to provide the necessary services to refugees and vulnerable Lebanese.
- Providing multi-purpose cash assistance to the most severely vulnerable refugees and subsidize lifesaving and emergency hospitalizations for refugees with critical medical needs. The youth will be a prioritised group for educational and life skills activities to develop their human capital and resilience.
- Expanding refugees’ access to durable solutions, in the form of third country resettlement or voluntary repatriation in safety and dignity, will continue to be a key priority for the operation.
- Expanding opportunities for third country resettlement and complementary pathways, and for the removal of the remaining obstacles for large-scale returns to Syria in safety and dignity. At the same time, UNHCR will continue helping those wishing to return now to obtain key civil documents, such as birth registration, to facilitate their re-establishment back home.