Operation: Opération: Libya



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Key Figures

2019 planning figures
90% of refugees and asylum-seekers will be provided with individual documentation
65% of IDP households assisted with basic needs and domestic items
70,000 refugees and asylum-seekers registered
2,000 cases will be submitted for resettlement
2017 year-end results
100% of all official detention centres were visited and monitored throughout the year
49,240 non-food items were distributed to refugees and migrants in detention centres and at disembarkation points
28,320 medical consultations were provided to refugees and migrants in detention centres and disembarkation points
1,430 refugees and asylum-seekers were released from detention following UNHCR’s advocacy efforts
389 detained refugees and asylum-seekers were evacuated through the ETM to Italy and Niger for forward solutions to a third safe place 
320  people were referred for resettlement

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

Decrease in
2017 375,840
2016 662,897
2015 471,653


[["Refugees",9352],["Asylum-seekers",35668],["IDPs",180937],["Returned IDPs",149883]]
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2017 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[19.0845059,20.43036002,23.865039,74.07170781,84.99999797,88.12093563],"expenditure":[7.31457152,8.54921236,12.12147176,44.15299434,null,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[16.6945059,18.21231402,18.82037598,59.92643981,74.34143297,61.15210551],"p2":[0.34,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[2.05,2.218046,5.04466302,14.145268,10.658565,26.96883012]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[6.90089752,6.71457381,9.79650861,33.18794716,null,null],"p2":[0.03065,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[0.383024,1.83463855,2.32496315,10.96504718,null,null]}
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  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019

Operational Environment

In Libya, an estimated 1.1 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance according to the 2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO), with limited or no access to basic commodities and essential services. Among these are internally displaced people (IDPs), returnees, refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants. The people of concern to UNHCR are among the most vulnerable.
As of October 2018, UNHCR has registered more than 57,600 refugees and asylum-seekers in Libya, with more than 11,000 people registered in 2018 alone. The conditions of refugees and migrants in detention centres remain of grave concern. UNHCR estimates that 5,400 individuals are detained in Libya, out of whom 3,900 are of concern to UNHCR. In addition, there were some 193,600 IDPs and more than 382,200 returnees.
It is estimated that approximately 10,000 asylum-seekers to whom UNHCR has access will be in need of registration and documentation in 2019, bringing the total number of refugees and asylum-seekers to 70,000. UNHCR estimates that between 65,000 and 68,000 asylum-seekers and refugees will be registered with UNHCR by the end of 2018.
UNHCR’s role as lead agency for the Protection and Shelter/NFI sectors, as well as co-lead agency for the Cash and Markets Working Group and the Mixed Migration response (together with IOM), makes it a key player in the coordination structure for the overall humanitarian response in Libya.
UNHCR’s strategy and priorities for 2019:
Protection of IDPs and returnees. UNHCR aims to reach all areas where displaced and returnee Libyans are living, security conditions permitting, with a view to meeting basic needs, ensuring the provision of  essential services to help make returns sustainable, including through supporting the reintegration process.
  • Investment in broad asylum-building and migration management efforts to address the movement of migrants and refugees who embark on perilous journeys across the Sahara Desert and the Mediterranean Sea. There is a need to create more regular and safe ways for refugees to find safety and international protection, and to address the root causes of displacement.
  • Advocacy for alternatives to detention. Conditions in detention are deplorable. UNHCR is advocating for the release of refugees and asylum-seekers from detention with the aim of finding solutions for the most vulnerable.
  • Increase of durable solutions in third countries for refugees in Libya.

Key priorities

In 2019, UNHCR will focus on:
  • Strongly advocating for alternatives to detention and explore durable solutions for refugees both in detention and in urban communities. This will be implemented through robust identification tools, solid case management and referrals. In 2019, UNHCR will continue to scale-up its resettlement and humanitarian evacuation programmes, in addition to offering the option to return to a previous country of admission. UNHCR plans to submit between 2,000 and 5,000 cases for resettlement in 2019, with the possibility to increase up to 10,000 persons over the next three years through evacuations and other complementary pathways.
  • Supporting IDPs and returnees with protection, shelter rehabilitation and emergency shelter assistance. UNHCR aims to support 100,000 people of concern with shelter assistance in 2019.
  • Supporting IDPs with the provision of targeted humanitarian assistance, enhanced protection monitoring and referral mechanisms and investment in social cohesion through quick-impact projects benefitting both displaced and hosting communities.
  • Enhancing its response for refugees and asylum-seekers living in urban areas through its Community Day Centres and outreach teams. UNHCR will continue to carry out registration, provide medical, cash-based and legal assistance, as well as provide vocational training for people of concern. Ensuring the protection of people of concern traveling in mixed movements, through humanitarian interventions at disembarkation points, land crossings and advocacy for a protection sensitive migration management system.