Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • Earmarking

    A donor restriction that limits or directs the purpose for which a contribution may be used.

    Unrestricted contributions (also referred to as unearmarked funding)
    No limitations on the use of funds

    Broadly earmarked contribution
    Earmarked contributions towards a region (e.g. Africa) or subregion (e.g. West Africa) and towards Headquarters, global programmes. Also includes contributions for a specific Pillar (e.g. Pillar 1 – Refugees) at the global, regional or subregional level ; contributions for supplementary programmes that cover more than one country, i.e. at subregional or regional level for a specific situation (e.g. Somalia situation) and
    contributions that are earmarked for a specific theme or activity at the subregional level or higher. 

    Earmarked contribution
    Contributions that are earmarked for a specific country, location or population without any further limitations. Also includes Contributions for supplementary programmes that cover only one country.

    Tightly earmarked contribution
    Contributions that are earmarked at the country level, Headquarters or global programmes cost centres for specific sectors and/or activities. All in-kind contributions and staff-related contributions, including JPOs, consultants and secondees fall under this category.

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  • Exclusion clauses

    Legal provisions that deny the benefits of international protection to people who would otherwise satisfy the criteria for refugee status. In the 1951 Convention, the exclusion clauses are found in Articles 1D, 1E and 1F. These clauses apply to the following categories:

    • individuals who are receiving protection or assistance from United Nations agencies other than UNHCR;

    • individuals who possess the rights and obligations attached to the possession of nationality of their country of residence;

    • individuals in respect of whom there are serious reasons for considering that they have committed a crime against peace, a war crime, a crime against humanity, a serious non-political crime, or acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations. 

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  • Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme (ExCom)

    The Committee charged with approving UNHCR’s assistance programmes, advising the High Commissioner on the exercise of his/her functions and overseeing the Office’s finances and administration. ExCom is composed of representatives of 101 States (2017) with a demonstrated interest in refugee issues.

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